Discover one of the most beautiful regions in Italy
Falling in love with Tuscany is easy. The balance between culture and beauty, history and fun makes this region one of the best quality of life in Italy. From the wonders of Florence, Pisa and Siena to the coasts of Versilia passing through the medieval villages scattered among the sweetest hills of Italy here there is everything, often in its maximum expression: from art to gastronomy.
Not surprisingly, Tuscany is among the Italian regions preferred by tourists, because it offers its visitors endless possibilities to choose the most suitable holiday. Without a doubt, the charm of the wonderful works of art it preserves is one of the greatest attractions. The wonderful nature and incredible landscapes to discover are another reason to visit its territories. We must not forget the exceptional quality of food and wine products and recipes of traditional Tuscan cuisine that is one of the most appreciated in the world.
Tuscany: what to do and see
Tuscany is a region that has a lot to offer its visitors. Here you will find much of the Italian artistic and cultural heritage, surrounded by wonderful nature. First of all, you can not miss a visit to some of the most important cities such as Florence, Pisa and Siena. The first is recognized as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Its visitors are enchanted and fascinated by its Renaissance architecture. It is no coincidence that Florence was the cradle of the Italian Renaissance.
From the Duomo to the church of Santa Maria Novella to the impressive kaleidoscope of buildings of the Ponte Vecchio there are many buildings to admire. Surely one of the Florentine destinations preferred by tourists from all over the world is the museum of the Uffizi Gallery where you can discover the greatest masterpieces of Italian art. Another city to visit is Pisa famous all over the world for its leaning tower. In recent years it has been secured while maintaining the inclination that distinguishes it. Not to be missed is Siena with its piazza del Campo.
This has the shape of a shell and twice a year in July and August hosts the famous Palio di Siena. This particular horse race involves the whole city contrada per contrada and that wins enjoys a total prestige for a year. This same square overlooks some of the most important and beautiful buildings of the city such as the Palazzo Pubblico and the Torre del Mangia.
The essence of Tuscany is hidden in the many historic villages that are located on its hills.
These are small towns that have preserved their medieval appearance intact. One of the most interesting and fascinating is that of San Gimignano located in the northwest of the Sienese territory. Here stands out its 13 medieval towers and is precisely considered the heart of Tuscany in the Middle Ages. In the southern part of Siena, almost on the border with Umbria there is another charming historic village, Montepulciano.
From here you can enjoy a magnificent view of the Val d’Orcia and the Valdichiana. In the historic center there are many palaces and churches of medieval and Renaissance. Between Siena and Florence there is another charming historic village. This is Certaldo in Val d’Elsa famous for being the place where Giovanni Boccaccio was born one of the most representative writers of Italian literature. The village still retains the ancient walls with three entrance doors.
Tuscany has many seaside resorts that are among the favorite destinations for tourists during the summer. Forte dei Marmi is undoubtedly one of the most famous and coveted. It is located in the area of the Riviera called Versilia. Another important city in the area is Viareggio famous worldwide for its Carnival.
One of the most important ports of the region is that of the city of Livorno. This is the sea city par excellence of Tuscany. It was a fishing village transformed in 1500 into a strategic town by the Medici. The beaches in its vicinity are a must visit.
The most beautiful sea of Tuscany is found in its archipelago, which is one of the most frequented and known. In particular, the largest island of Elba is among the most appreciated for the beauty of its nature. Giglio Island is also an important tourist destination of the archipelago. Another island to visit is Capraia which is the third by extension. It has an elongated shape similar to that of Giglio Island. Its wild nature is among the most fascinating in Italy.
The history of Tuscany
The history of Tuscany began in the 9th century A.C. when the Etruscans settled in the region and gave it the name of Tuscia. This people had a social structure and a very evolved culture. The Romans conquered it in III A. C. and united it with other territories, giving it the name of Etruria.
Between the VI and the VII century D. C. the region was occupied by the Lombards. In the XII scolo D. C. Tuscany was disputed between the church and the Empire. On this occasion some Tuscan cities tried to make themselves independent and formed the municipalities.
Among these the most important was undoubtedly Florence. The government of the city was assumed by Cosimo de Medici in 1434. The De Medici family extended its control over much of the regional territory, ensuring a long period of prosperity. The Medici dynasty ended in the XVII century and from this moment the domination of the Habsburgs began. In 1860 the region became part of the Kingdom of Italy.
Tuscany where it is and how to get there
Tuscany is a region located in central Italy and extends from the Apennines to the Tyrrhenian Sea. In the north-west part I border with Liguria while in the north with Emilia-Romagna.
Lazio, on the other hand, is to the south and to the east it borders Marche and Umbria. Moreover, the Tuscan Archipelago is also part of the regional territory. This consists of 7 major islands, including the largest is the island of Elba, and 5 minor such as Giglio and Capraia.
Tuscany is characterized by a predominantly hilly territory although there are mountainous areas such as Monte Prado, the highest peak that is located on the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines. The most important city is Florence which is also the capital of the region. It is one of the most important art cities in the world that is visited every year by millions of tourists. Other important centers are Prato, Pisa, Siena and Arezzo.
To reach this wonderful area of Italy you can use the car as there are two motorway networks that cross the region and connect it with the rest of the peninsula. The most used and also the simplest is undoubtedly the A1 Milan-Naples.
The motorway connection with Liguria takes place through the A12 Genoa-Livorno. In addition, the Florence-Pisa-Livorno highway connects the two motorways and allows you to reach other interesting cities in Tuscany. By train you can arrive with the line that connects Milan to Naples or the Turin-Naples that allows you to reach the towns of the Tyrrhenian coast. The two main airports of the region are located in Pisa and Florence.
Food and wine tourism in Tuscany
Tuscany is one of the favorite regions with regard to tourism called eno gastronomic. The traditional Tuscan cuisine is one of the most known and appreciated in the world and its origins are peasant and popular. The most famous first courses are undoubtedly soups and soups such as the famous ribollita. As for the second most famous recipes are based on fish such as cacciucco, mullet and stockfish Livorno.
You can not forget the meat and in particular the Florentine steak. These territories are also known worldwide for excellence in wine production. In the hilly areas of Tuscany are produced some of the finest Italian wines such as Chianti DOCG and Chianti Classico DOCG, which is produced in a very small area and with a particular disciplinary. Other Tuscan wines famous all over the world are Brunello di Moltalcino DOCG, the noble wine of Montepulciano and Morellino di Scansano DOCG.
Drink responsibly and enjoy Tuscany in all its wonders.