Favignana’s past is entirely connected to two activities. The first was the extraction of calcarenite (or ‘tufa’) to be exported mostly towards north Africa, while the second was bluefin tuna fishing. Both business today are practically nonexistent, so the island dedicated itself entirely to its one remaining opportunity: tourism. And what tourism it is! Favignana has been the consistent winner of the title of best beach location in Italy for several years now, all thanks to its pristine waters and coastline. This is a top spot for scuba diving and snorkeling, thanks to its craggy coasts, full of small caves and interesting features attracting sea life of all kinds. Not all of its beaches are equally accessible by land, so renting a boat of any size is advisable to reach the more secluded locations.