The first role of Pulcinella was as a silly servant, but the current identity of the character was established by the actor Silvio Fiorillo in the early years of the XVI century, taking the inspiration for the name and the look from an obscure painting depicting a sunburnt farmer from Napoli named Puccio d’Aniello. Pulcinella took upon itself the traditional character of local peasants, lazy, hungry and downtrodden, yet ingenuous and always ready to laugh behind the backs of the powers that be. The modern Pulcinella mantains all of this, becoming the very symbol of Napoli. It is such a beloved character that the town in the early 1700s built a whole theatre just to stage Pulcinella plays. In fact, its local identity is so strong to overshadow its possibilities as a carnival mask: this is why you will be hard pressed to find this character in modern parades.